View Full Version : Lesson #049 - Analyzing and Subdividing 19/16

06-08-2006, 06:40 PM
To most, the time signature 19/16 represents a baffling collection of notes to be placed in a measure of time. Subdivisions are used to help wrap our thoughts around a more understandable grouping of notes. It helps demystify these large and odd numbers.The easiest way for me to explain a time signature such as 19/16, is to first of all find if you can fit a 1/4 note signature within it. In this case a bar of 4/4 contains 16 16th notes, and then you have 3 16ths left over. So therefore, you could subdivide the 19/16 as one measure of 4/4, and one measure of 3/16. In the following exercises I have given you both options. You'll find that as you become more familiar with the rhythms in 19/16, you will be able to read them in 19/16, even though you may still be subdividing the count in your head.

Experiment looking at the different versions, and making the visual connections, along with the sounds.

<img src="images/attach/wmv.gif">For a video demonstration, click here. (http://www.virgildonati.com/msgboard/attachments/groove-1916.wmv)

19/16 is comprised of 19 sixteenth notes in a measure of time.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-a.gif">

Following is the most common way I subdivide 19/16. One measure of 4/4, and one measure of 3/16. Make sure the value of the sixteenth note remains constant in the transition from 4/4 to 3/16.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-b.gif">

This is a basic 19/16 groove. Notice how I bring out the 3/16 at the end of the first measure. The second measure is a slight variation.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-c.gif">

The same as above, as a subdivision.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-d.gif">

Now it gets a little interesting, and quite challenging. In the third measure, the beat is reversed by an 1/8 note. Notice the accent on the hi-hat shifts, and the snare back beat shifts by an 1/8 note.

This is an example of how you don't always have to state the strong beats of the meter. It is very important to remain in control and aware of the meter. (Video reference - 2:52)

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-e.gif">

The beat is now displaced by a 1/16 note in the third measure.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-f.gif">

You may have noticed in the video examples, I am playing ghost notes throughout these patterns. The following is the displaced 1/16 pattern above, with ghost notes added.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-g.gif">

Here's a pattern I loop about three times on the video example (3:06). The first 2 beats are displaced one 1/16 note, and beat 3 and 4 are displaced by an 1/8 note. I have included ghost notes.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-h.gif">

For a practical example of this time signature, you can refer to the Planet X recording 'King Of The Universe'. This is a double bass pattern which is very syncopated, and reinforces the guitar and bass riff of the song.

<img src="images/!charts/groove-1916-i.gif">

<img src="images/attach/wmv.gif">For a video demonstration, click here. (http://www.virgildonati.com/msgboard/attachments/groove-1916.wmv)